The Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx are some of the most famous tourist sites in the world, and they certainly actually existed in Roman times. Each of these unusual buildings served as the final resting site of a Fourth Dynasty king (circa 2613 - 2494 BC). The Great Pyramid of Giza was built for King Khufu (2589-2566 BC), the other two for Khafre and Menkaure, and his son and grandson. The pyramid of Khufu is the oldest and largest of the three, and the first building to surpass it at the top will not be built now for another 3800 years!


Although the three pyramids dominate the plateau, they are actually surrounded by the help of many different monuments. Each of the king's pyramids was once just one element - albeit the most important - of a great decade covering the smaller, and subsidiary pyramids of the queens; An additional one served as a symbolic second tomb for the king, indicated by the satellite TV of the computer pyramid; mastaba tombs for the aristocracy and various family members; original and/or symbolic boat burials; A pair of temples are linked by a richly decorated bridge. One of these temples, referred to as the Valley Temple, led to the pyramid complex, and was positioned on or near a water structure that place boats should moor. The other, the mortuary (or upper) temple, stands near the base of the pyramid. The priests maintained the funeral cult of the deceased king in these temples, the place where his divine component was worshiped, the prosperous place and the many choices made for his soul, so he might wish to enjoy a peaceful and luxurious afterlife.


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